jueves, 27 de abril de 2017

385. The Apple tree and the bird

Aqui, otra historia para leer y aprender vocabulario. 
Para mejorar tu ingles hay que:
Leer libros en ingles
Ver peliculas
Escuchar canciones
Trabajar en un pais donde se habla en inglés
Y desde luego, hablar en ingles siempre que puedas, o en grupo o con un profesor nativo o bilingue.


After flying around from one place to another without stopping, the bird saw an apple tree and rested on a branch.


The apple tree didn´t seem to be very happy today, so when it saw the bird resting on its branch, it said: “Don´t you have another place to sit on?”
The bird jumped with surprise and answered:

Relax, I just want to rest for a short while.
What´s the matter with you Mr. Apple tree?”
And the apple tree answered: “My life is boring. I´m always here stuck to the ground and I can´t move. I´m just here for birds like you or other animals to come and pick my fruit”

The bird listened very attentively and when the tree finally stopped complaining, the bird told the tree:
“I on the other hand, think otherwise. I believe that your existence makes more sense than others.

Since you were small, you grew up to simply generously give your fruit to others without asking anything in exchange.
There can´t be a more full and happy life than yours!,” the bird told the apple tree.
You might be right, but I would prefer to be a bird”, said the tree.

“Birds are very wise. You accept things as they are. It doesn´t matter if it´s sunny or rains…. you fly whenever and wherever you want.
Not like humans who are always waiting for something to happen….and if nothing happens, they get depressed

The moral in this story is:
Just like birds and trees, it´s always better to accept and be grateful to what life has to offer.
This will make us all be happier

Vocabulary
Branch  = rama
Seem  = parecía
Resting  = descansando
Relax  = tranquilo
Just  = solamente
For a short while  = un ratito
What´s the matter  = que te pasa
Stuck to the ground  = pegado a la tierra
Like  = como
Pick  = coger
Complaining  = quejandose
On the other hand  = por otra parte
Otherwise  = lo contrario
Makes  = tiene
Grew up  = creciste
Than  = que
You might be right  = puede que tengas razon
Wise = sabio
It doesn´t matter   = no importa
Whenever  = cuando quieras
Wherever  = donde quieras
Better  = mejor
Grateful  = agradecido

sábado, 25 de marzo de 2017

384. Reading text:The Arrogant Lion

The mighty Lion woke up and felt like walking across his territory to have a look and see what was happening on his land.
He walked with his head held up high and roared very loudly so that everyone would know that the king and sole owner of the land had arrived to claim allegiance from everyone.



As the heat was rather stifling, the lion made its way to a nearby river to quench his thirst and of course not worrying at all that anyone would ever think of defying him.
While heading to the river, the lion came across a huge deadly cobra and asked it: 
“Tell me, who is the king of the jungle?”
“You without any doubt my master” answered the cobra as it began to flee as fast as it could in order to escape from the lion´s anger.

On arriving to the river, the lion saw a powerful twenty foot crocodile who was sleeping in a pool of muddy water.
The lion sacred the shit out of the crocodile and asked it: “Who is the king of the jungle?”.
Why the hell are you asking me that? You know very well that it´s you, my king”

The lion continued on his journey and saw that up ahead under a tree was the biggest elephant the lion had ever seen.


And of course the lion asked the elephant the same question.
Instead of pleasing the lion as the other animals had, the magnificent elephant wound its trunk around the mighty lion and threw him against a tree with a loud thump.
More surprised than hurt, the lion said; “Okay, I understand why you did that, but there´s no need to get so angry simply because you don´t know the answer”

The moral is that this often happens in everyday life.
There are people who are very arrogant. They think they are the cream of the crop and they believe that they are always right, but if someone thinks differently….. it´s always the other people who are wrong.

Vocabulary
Mighty  = poderoso
Woke up  = se despertó
Felt like  = le apetecia
Have a look = echar un vistazo
Head held up high  = cabeza bien alta
Roared = rugió
Allegiance  = lealtad
As = como
Rather stifling  = bastante sofocante
Quench  = saciar
At all  = en absoluto
Defying  = desafiar
Heading  = yendo hacia
Came across  = se cruzó
Flee  = huir
In order to  = para poder
Scared the hill = le pegó un susto de muerte
Why the hell = porque diablos
Wound = enroscó
Trunk = trompa
Threw him = lo lanzó
Thump = golpe
No need  = no hay necesidad
Get so angry  = enfadarse tanto
They are always right = siempre tienes la razón
Wrong   = equivocados
Moral  = moraleja
Cream of the crop  = creme de la creme 

The Tokens sing " The Lion sleeps tonight"



383.ESCUCHAR INGLÉS



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scL8K13tO8Q


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkxT0nR6dxY



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eebHMn9b7TY


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NsYGLAWaUBI


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FWv3LQRw0o


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BlgcKF8elEg


jueves, 2 de marzo de 2017

382. REMEMBER OR REMIND

Si tu primer idioma es español, entonces tendrás dificultades al usar "REMEMBER O REMIND"

Cuando dices: "TE ACUERDAS?" (DE ALGO), ENTONCES SE DICE: "DO YOU REMEMBER?"
Cuando dices: "RECORDAR A ALGUIEN QUE TIENEN QUE HACER ALGO, SE USA: 
REMIND + OBJECT PRONOUN
REMIND ME = RECUERDAME  / REMIND HIM = RECUERDALE / REMIND THEM

TAMBIÉN SE USA "REMIND" CUANDO UNA PERSONA TE RECUERDA DE ALGUIEN
- You remind me of someone  =  Me recuerdas de alguien
- Your mother reminds me of my mother  = Tu madre me recuerda a mi madre
- Susana reminds me of a girl I knew at school  = Susana me recuerda a una chica que conocía en el colegio
- Doesn´t he remind you of Pablo?  = ¿No te recuerda a Pablo?
-You forgot to remind me to set the alarm  = Te olvidaste de de recordarme de poner la alarma

REMEMBER ES MAS UN VERBO DE ACTIVIDAD MENTAL PORQUE TIENES QUE RECORDAR ALGO QUE TIENES QUE HACER O ALGO DEL PASADO

El OPUESTO DE "REMEMBER" ES "FORGET"


*WILL YOU REMEMBER TO BUY SOME WINE?  DON´T WORRY, I WON´T FORGET

-I still remember when we went to Dublin  = Aún me acuerdo cuando fuimos a Dublin
-Do you remember Susan? We met her in Italy  = Te acuerdas de Susan? La conocimos en Italia
-Do you remember me?  =  Te acuerdas de mi?
-I don´t remember where I parked my car. I forgot where I parked it  =  No me acuerdo donde aparqué mi coche. Me olvidé donde lo aparqué
-My mother rememebers everything. She never forgets anything  =  Mi madre se acuerda de todo. Nunca se olvida de nada
-When I finished work, I remembered that I had to buy some eggs  = Cuando terminé el trabajo, Me acordé que tenia que comprar huevos
-Remember to call your mother  =  Accuerdate de llamar a tu madre
-Don´t you remember you have a dentist appointment?  Thanks for REMINDING me. I nearly forgot =  ¿No te acuerdas que tienes una cita con el dentista? Gracias por recordarmelo. Casi me olvido.

SI DETRÁS DE REMEMBER VA OTRO VERBO, EL VERBO VA EN GERUNDIO
-I don´t remember hitting my head on the table when I was young  = No me acuerdo pegarme de golpearme con la cabeza en la mesa cuando era joven
-Do you remember going to London when we were children?  = Te acuerdas haber ido a Londres cuando eramos niños?
-Susan doesn´t remember receiving the report  =  Susan no se acuerda haber recibido el informe
- I don´t remember telling you that  = No me acuerdo haberte dicho eso

CON REMEMEBER TAMBIEN SE USA "WHAT / WHO / WHERE / HOW / WHEN  + EL VERBO EN INFINITIVO O CON EL VERBO EN PASADO
-I don´t remember what I have to say  = No me acuerdo lo que tengo que decir
-Do you remember who to ask about the car?  = ¿Te acuerdas a quien preguntar sobre el coche?
-We don´t remember to go for the meeting  =  No recordamos done ir para la reunión
-Do you remember how to go to Juan´s house?  = ¿Te acuerdas como ir a la casa de Juan?
-I never remember when to keep my mouth shut  = Nunca me acuerdo cuando mantener mi boca cerrada
-I don´t remember where I left my car = No me acuerdo donde dejé mi coche
-I don´t remember who bought me this sweater  = No se quien me compró este jersé
-I don´t remember who called  = No me acuerdo quien llamó
-She can´t remember where she bought the shoes = No se acuerda donde compró los zapatos
-Will you remember where you parked the car?  = ¿Te acordarás donde aparcaste el coche?

REMIND SE USA PARA RECORDAR QUE TIENES QUE HACER ALGO Y SIEMPRE SE USA REMIND + OBJETO
-Remind me to close all the windows  =  Recuérdame que cierre todas las ventanas
-Why didn´t you remind me to call my boss?  = Porque no me has recordado de llamar a mi jefe?
-Don´t worry. I´ll remind you later  = No te preocupes. Te lo recordaré mas tarde
-You remind me of someone  = Me recuerdas de alguien
-Susan reminded me to bring the tickets  =  Susan me recordó de traer las entradas

EXERCISE (See answers below)
Poner REMEMBER O REMIND según el contexto de la frase

1. I don´t ............................what day I spoke to Susan.
2. I´m surprised you don´t ........................me!
3. Did you................Marta to come early to work tomorrow?
4. You..................me of someone I know
5. My aunt doesn´t...................... us
6. Why didn´t you ..............................to buy some wine? I´m sorry. I completely forgot
7. That girl................me of a girl I knew in highschool
8. Do you.....................that you have to take me to the airport next Monday?
9. Can you....................John to set the alarm before he leaves?
10. .........................to bring me the book.
11. I don´t ..........................receiving any message
12. Do you ......................the time we got lost in the mountain?
13. My boss doesn´t.....................what I told him.
14. She didn´t.....................us to call Aunt Mary.

Translation exercise (see solution below)

1. Después del accidente, no se acuerda de nada
2. Recuerdame que coja las otras llaves
3. No me acuerdo como te llamas. Siempre me olvido de los nombres
4. ¿Te acordaste de llamarles?
5. No me acuerdo de cerrar las ventanas
6.¿ Le recordaste a tu madre que tiene una cita con el dentista?
7. Gracias por recordarme
8. ¿Te acuerdas cuando fuimos a Roma? Claro, como puedo olvidar eso!
9. Mi jefe me recordó que habia una reunion mañana por la mañana
10. ¿Te acuerdes de mi? Si, me recuerdas a alguien
11. No me acuerdo de nada
12. Si no me lo recuerdas, me olvidaré
13. Me recuerdas a mi hermana
14. No me acuerdo donde dejé el coche

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2mbLpSquq84

Michael Jackson sings "Remember the time"


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zq8xG6yAZ1Q

EXERSISE ANSWERS

1. remember  2. remember  3. remind  4. remind  5. remember  6. remember  7. reminds  8. remember
9. remind  10.  Remember  12. remember  13. remember  14. remind


Jason Grey sings "Remind me who I am"



TRANSLATION SOLUTION

1. After the accident he doesn´t remember anything.
2. Remind me to take the other keys
3. I don´t remember what your name is. I always forget names
4. Did you remember to call them?
5. I don´t remember closing the windows
6. Did you remind your mother that she has a dentist appointment?
7. Thanks for reminding me
8. Do you remember when we went to Rome? Of course, how can I forget that
9. My boss reminded me that there was a meeting tomorrow morning
10.Do you remember me? Yes, you remind me of someone
11.I don´t remember anything
12.If you don´t remind me, I´ll forget
13.You remind me of my sister
14. I don´t remember where I left the car

miércoles, 8 de febrero de 2017

381. TME TO WAKE UP

AWAKE es un verbo irregular: Awake / Awoke / Awoken

I awoke suddenly due to a loud noise  = Me desperté de pronto debido a un fuerte ruido


Lo que pasa es que se suele usar mas el verbo compuesto (phrasal verb) WAKE UP

- I woke up suddenly due to a loud noise
- I woke up with a hangover  = Me desperté con una resaca

AWAKE SE USA MAS COMO ADJETIVO

- Are you awake?   =  ¿Estás despierto?
- Stay awake = Mantente despierto
- You kept me awake all night with your snoring  = No me dejaste dormir toda la noche por tus ronquidos
- After drinking a coffee, I was wide awake  = Después de tomar un café, estaba totalmente despierto

Por tanto, se usa mucho WAKE UP
- Time to wake up  = hora de despertarse
* NO SE DICE "TIME TO AWAKE"
- What time did you wake up?  =  ¿A que hora te despertaste?
- I woke up very late  = Me desperté muy tarde
- I hate waking up in the middle of a dream  =  Odio despertarme en medio de un sueño


Una expresión popular es:  "RISE AND SHINE"  = HORA DE LEVANTARSE
Otra expresión es: "WAKE UP WITH A START" Se usa cuando de pronto de despiertas por un susto o un ruido
I heard someone shout and I woke up with a start  = Oí alguien gritar y me desperté de pronto

Tambien se puede decir: WAKE + PRONOMBRE COMO OBJETO 
- Wake me up at 7.00  =  Despiértame a las siete
- Rememeber to wake your sister up at 6.00  =  Acuérdate de despertar a tu hermana a las seis
- Did you wake your father up?  = ¿Despertaste a tu padre?
- Don´t wake me up. I don´t have to go to work today  = No me despiertes. No tengo que ir al trabajo hoy.
Why didn´t you wake me up?  = ¿Porqué no me despertaste?
- Sorry to wake you up   =  Perdona por despertarte

Y recordar que otro verbo compuesto es GET UP y significa LEVANTARSE

- It´s not easy to get up early Monday morning  = No es facil levantarse temprano el lunes por la mañana

Get up "SLEEPHEAD"  = DORMILÓN







GET UP tambien significa levantarse del suelo o la calle
- Get up off the floor  = Levántante del suelo
- If you fall down, just get up  = Si te caes, simplemente levántate
- Can you help me get him up?  = ¿Me puedes ayudar a levantarle?

So, the question is why it´s so hard to WAKE UP IN THE MORNING....
ESPECIALLY MONDAY

Perhaps it´s just a mind problem! If one sleeps well, then it doesn´t matter what day it is.
If you wake up, then you´re not dead... and you should be happy to live another day and do whatever you have to do.
It doesn´t matter if have to go to work. Everyday is a different day.
Everyday is a good day to wake up, make yourself a cup of coffee or tea and start the day with energy and in a good mood, because it´s a NEW DAY.

It´s also better to go to bed at the same time every night.
Don´t eat too much and go to bed with a full stomach. If you eat a lot, wait at least two hours before going to bed.
If you go out, don´t get drunk or you will wake up with a hangover...and that´s really awful.
Don´t go to bed stressed or angry. 
Reading a little in bed can make you sleepy and turn off the brain.



Vocabulary

hangover  = resaca
hard = duro / deficil
it doesn´t matter  = da igual
should  = debería
whatever  = lo que
it doesn´t matter  = no importa
good mood  = buen humor
too much  = demasiado
at least  = por lo menos
going to bed  = acostarse
go out  = salir
get drunk  = emborracharse
hangover  = resaca
awful  = horrible
make you sleepy  = te da sueño
turn off  = apagar


Here are some funny photos about waking up.





Neil Sedaka sings "Waking up is hard to do"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aaTB2Q3v6Zc





sábado, 4 de febrero de 2017

380. The Martians have landed (PART 2.)

The Martians have landed (PART 2)

The Martians have landed (PART 2)
My friends from Mars were happy. Everyone who rides motorcycles on Mars now has the leather motorcycle jacket which I had orginally bought for them.
They were very nice to me and took me with them back to their planet.
One day I had a walk with my dog enjoying the beautiful Martian landscape.
The Martians have landed (PART 2)
The next day, they gave me a motorcycle to try out. They love to ride this kind of bike (see the picture below).
Later after dinner and what I liked the most, they gave me super powers because I had been so nice to them.
It´s awesome what I can do.
For example, I can:
-          Travel with my bike all over the world and visit different galaxies
-          I am immortal and cannot be killed
-          I´m able to change things in the world which I don´t like
-          I can speak any kind of language
-          I can travel underwater in any sea and ocean
-          I can become invisible
My friends the Martians are very nice and friendly. They are probably the most advanced race in the cosmos.
They live in peace and enjoy life much more than Earth. Therefore, there are no wars and crimes.
When a Martian child is born, they are born with a special trait.
If a child likes music, they will be the best musicians in the world.
When they are 17 years old, they can come to Earth and become famous.
Elvis Presely was one of them. Now he´s back on Mars living another different life doing other things he likes.
One thing he really likes is riding his Harley motorcycle. He´s the big boss of the Space Travelers.
Elvis arranges very special tours anywhere in the world
The Martians love riding route 66, going to Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon….and especially spending a week in Las Vegas, because Elvis is an expert.
The Martians have landed (PART 2)
Martian people don´t need to work. There are no politicans and no presidents.
They don´t need any money to live and don´t need to buy anything.
They have everything they need to be happy, so they simply enjoy life doing what they are born to do. Just live.
They can also choose to live wherever they want.
As they love water, many of them prefer to live in exotic places with beautiful beaches.
If you go to Malibu, Hawaii, Bali, Ibiza or Formentera, I´m sure you can meet a Martian there.
As a matter of fact, I´m in Formentera at the moment with my Earth motorcyle. Isn´t she a beauty?
The Martians have landed (PART 2)
It´s a fantastic island to ride a motocycle and go swimming or going underwater with my cycle in the transparent blue waters.  
Here I am riding a Martian motorcycle. I only use it when I´m traveling in space.
The Martians have landed (PART 2)

Vocabulary
Back = de regreso
Landscape = paisaje
Try out  = probar
What I liked the most  = lo que me gustaba
Awesome = impresionante
I´m able = soy capaz
Any = cualquier
Friendly  = amistosos
Therefore  = por tanto
Trait  = rasgo
Arranges  =  organiza
Love = les encanta
Anything  = nada
Just  = solamente
Wherever  = a donde quieren
As = como
As a matter of fact  = de hecho
Beauty  = belleza

David Bowie sings "On Mars" 

martes, 31 de enero de 2017

379 "ARE YOU SLEEPY"

Are you sleepy? = ¿Tienes sueño?

Ver: tema 149













Hay palabras como “sleepy”, el cual es un adjetivo, en español dices “Tienes”.
Pero....Nada que ver con el verbo “tener” = HAVE
No se puede decir, “Do you have sleepy”?

SE DICE: ARE YOU SLEEPY?

Se usa HAVE cuando posees o te afecto algo:

DO YOU HAVE A BICYCLE?

I HAVE A COLD  = TENGO UN RESFRIADO 

I HAVE a headache  =  Tengo un dolor de cabeza 

Se usa el verbo ser /estar:
-      Are you sleepy?  = ?Tienes sueño?
-      Are you hungry? = ¿Tienes hambre?
Mas adelante, daré mas ejemplos

So, the question is, “Are you sleepy”?
I´m sure it´s a very big problem with a lot of people. To have a good night´s sleep every night would be wonderful.

Now listen to me speaking in English using "Are you........?


video


There is a saying in English:

“Early to bed early to rise, makes a man healthy and wise” = Quien madruga Dios le ayuda

Perhaps, it might be true that if you go to bed early, and get up early, it could help you get a good night´s sleep.
If you have to get up early to go to work, it´s really necessary to sleep well. You don´t  want to be at work yawning and feeling tired all day because you slept bad, and only a few hours.

Something which is very important is to go to bed at that same time every night and also get up at the same time.
So, what can we do to sleep well?
Sometimes sleep has been called “The little death”
When we sleep our body and mind can be almost dead. At times we need to move our bodies in bed or get up to pee to make sure we´re still alive.
Other times we can be in our dream world. 
We need to sleep well to be feel good, be happy and have positive energy for the new day.

Here are some important things to remember in order to sleep well:
1.    Where we sleep is very important. Make sure that your bedroom is well-ventilated. Have your window a little open. This will also help you breathe better.
Your bedroom should not have so much light coming in through the                               window at night.
2    The mattress should be a little hard, and not so soft.
3    The pillow must be comfortable for your neck and not be very high.
4    Try to do some kind of exercise during the day or after work. It´s a good way to get rid of any kind of anxiety.
5    Have a light dinner and always two hours before going to bed.
6    Don´t drink so much coffee, especially in the late afternoon.
7    Try to sleep between six and eight hours.
8    Don´t go to bed angry or worried about something.
9    If you like to read in bed, try reading something that does not excite you or make you nervous.
1    Be careful if you use a tablet or an ebook when reading in bed. It´s light can have a negative effect on your brain and affect your sleep.

Como he explicado arriba de todo, hay ADJETIVOS en inglés que se usa el verbo ser/ estar, como “sleepy y hungry”…… pero hay mas:
  
Ejemplo con estas palabras:
I´m hungry  =  Tengo hambre
I´m cold    =  Tengo frío
She´s cold   =  Ella tiene frío
Are you hot?  =  ¿Tienes calor?
I´m very thirsty  Tengo mucha sed
I´m not thirsty   =  No tengo sed
I´m so hot           =  Tengo tanto calor
I´m not so hungry  =  No tengo tanta hambre
I´m sleepy  =  Tengo sueño
Are you sleepy?  =  ¿Tienes sueño?
How old are you?  =  ¿Cuantos años tienes?
I´m twenty seven years old  =  Tengo veinte y siete años
He´s jealous  = El tiene celos
I´m afraid  =  Tengo miedo


Vocabulary

good night´s sleep  = dormir bien
saying  = dicho
might = puede que
early = pronto / temprano
get up  = levantarse
few = pocas
pee  = hacer pis
make sure  = asegúrate
mattress  = colchón
get rid of  = eliminar
light  = lijera
be careful  = ten cuidado

Translation

1. Tengo tanto sueño
2. Tenemos mucha hambre
3. ¿Tienes sed?
4. Tengo un dolor de cabeza todo el dia
5. Tengo miedo de volar
6. Cuanto años tiene tu hermano
7. Mi novio tiene muchos celos
8. Tienes tiempo para ayudarme?
9. Hace mucho frio en mi casa
10. Tienes frio?
11. No, tengo mucho calor
12. No tengo ni idea lo que me dices
13. Tengo mucha sed


Here´s a song called "I just want to sleep"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=14Lra6CPric&list=RD14Lra6CPric



Translation solution

1. I´m so sleepy
2. We´re very hungry
3. Are you thirsty?
4. I have a headache all day
5. I´m afraid of flying
6. How old is your brother?
7. My boyfriend is very jealous
8. Do you have time to help me?
9. It´s very cold in my house
10.Are you cold?
11.No, I´m very hot
12.I have no idea what you´re saying  
13. I´m very thirsty